Milites of Prince Louis I. of Brzeg in Light of Landbuch Lehn und Erbe (1358–1366)
The aim of this work is to identify knights that were among the retinue of Duke Louis I of Brzeg and to analyse the meaning of the term miles (Ritter) in the landbuch Lehn und Erbe. This estate register, or landbuch, documents the reign of Louis I (died 1399) and includes entries from the period 1358–1366. It is currently held in the State Archives in Wrocław with the item number Rep. 21, nr 474. The landbuch consists of 181 pages containing 635 documents and notes which are the subject of this analysis. Particular attention has been paid to the frequency, place and time of appearance of knights, to the dependency of the title miles-Ritter on the type of document (whether it is a complete entry or excerpt), to the dependency of the title on the frequency with which the knight served by signing documents as a witness, and also to the position of the knight’s family. A further significant factor is the relation of the title to the content of the document, primarily to information on whether the holder of the title provided military service on horseback. Final topics for consideration are the relation between the appearance of the knight as a witness on documents within a given jurisdiction, or weichbild, and the political situation, as well as a verification of the hypothesis that the “non-knights” mentioned were squires and that the strenuus miles represented an individual who had been formally awarded knighthood.
Former Knacker´s Yards in Silesia Based on the Results of Archeological Research in Kamenia Góra and Złotoryja
Paweł Duma – Daniel Wojtucki – Aleksander Chrószcz – Maciej Janeczek
Archaeological work led to discoveries of previously unknown relics of masonry gallows in Złotoryja and Kamienna Góra (Silesia, Poland). Both human and animal remains were found there. These remains were subjected to archeozoological and anthropological analysis. From historical sources we know that the boundaries of some places of execution coincided with the boundaries of knackerʼs yards. To these places an animal carcass was transported from the area, but also many activities related to obtaining animal products or their utilisation were performed. It’s resulting in big amount of bones found on both sites. The total number of animal remains acquired in Kamienna Góra and Złotoryja was 16,465. In Kamienna Góra 7,476 bones were found, while in Złotoryja 8,989. Summing animal and human bones, it can be noticed that the share of the latter belonged to a distinct minority. Skeletal remains of horses and dogs clearly dominated on both sites. The results of this analysis also showed clearly that the bone material obtained in the area of a knacker’s yard is significantly different from that which is found during excavations conducted within human settlements.
Polish Broadside Ballads by Procházka Printing House in Těšín
The study focuses on the printing practice on the Czech-Polish border in the 19th century, which is demonstrated in an example of the Polish shopkeeper‘s production of the Těšín printing house belonging to several generations of the Procházka family. We try to analyze its thematic and genre range and present examples of the most interesting prints related to the Těšín region.
Moravian Pie and Mother´s Mehlspeis. Sight in Kitchen of Historian and Archivist Václav Hauer (1860–1942) and his Wife Růžena Née Seidl (1867–1942)
The core of the presented material study is formed by an analysis of a manuscript set of culinary recipes used in the household of Václav Hauer, a long-term (1888–1926) professor at the Czech grammar school in Opava and a tireless organizer of Czech national life in the wider Opava region, and his wife Růžena Hauerová née Seidlová. The range of raw materials, final products, but also, for example, changes in food preparation technology, which occurred due to changes in the food industry, transport and in the field of international trade, were analyzed. A specific issue was also represented by the language aspect of the preserved texts. In addition to the analysis itself, the study also includes a standard scientific edition of the analyzed source.
Military Operations in the Osoblaha Region in Spring 1945
In 1945, Osoblaha region (Osoblažsko) belonged to these territories of Czech Lands that were harshly damaged due to events of the Second World War. Osoblaha region was also a territory whose inhabitants were of German origin and thus expelled in 1946 and 1947 making the region to be an area without ‘shared memory’. Its result was the fact that there is still only a little known about the course of the military campaign during the Second World War in the territory of the Osoblaha region. The aim of this study is to describe the course of war events with regard both of German and Soviet armed forces, but with special focus on German Defence Force (Wehrmacht) and its units of Army Group ‘Middle’. Its aim is also to examine operational plans of belligerents and significance that belonged to the Osoblaha region among these plans.
Solving the Problem of Enviroment on Case of Ostrava Region in 1970–1989
The author follows up on a study mapping the development of the environment in the Ostrava region in the context of the development trends of the so-called socialist industrialization until 1969. In the monitored period, environmental issues came into the interests of the Communist Party leadership and the state; however, fundamental discrepancies continued between official proclamations, legislation, research projects and the real state of all components of the environment in the Ostrava region. Only the so-called Velvet Revolution in 1989 enabled the start of a new, realistic concept of environmental development in the entire Czechoslovakia as well as the most affected regions, including the Ostrava region.